YouTube動画の中に出てきた単語で難しめのものをリストアップしています。 I picked up some difficult words that appeared on a YouTube video. ネイティブを超える英語力と教養を身につけるための英単語データベース

November 2017


father figure; a man who treats you as a father would; 父親のような人

Take two steps forward if you grew up with a father figure in the home. 

discourse; talk; 会話

We need to discuss this. We need to have some sort of discourse. 

Why thinking you're ugly is bad for you | Meaghan Ramsey

Pro-anorexia; 拒食症は精神疾患ではなく、個人のライフスタイルだと主張する動き
拒食症は、Anorexia nervosaといいます。

For those who don't know, #proana means pro-anorexia. 

self-esteem; confidence in your own ability and value

They have lower self-esteem. 

Clinton and Trump Face Off in Contentious 2nd Debate

Aired October 10, 2016


AZUZ: OK. Last night was round two of three. At Washington University, in St. Louis, Missouri, the Democratic and Republican nominees for U.S. president had their second head to head debate. 
locker room talk; ロッカールームでの会話
I`m not proud of it; うれしく思ってはいないよ。
I'm proud of it. うれしいよ。よかったね。 といった気軽な表現です。

DONALD TRUMP (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: This was locker room talk. I`m not proud of it. I apologize to my family. I apologize to the American people. Certainly, I`m not proud of it.
town hall (meeting) ; 候補者と有権者が討論する場、(トランプと市民との対話といったイメージ)
uncommitted voters ; どちらに投票するか決めかねている投票者、中立の投票者

AZUZ:As you just saw, it was in a town hall format. And while the moderators were scheduled to ask half the questions, the other half were intended for members of the audience who were described as uncommitted voters.

the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
; 医療保険制度改革法(オバマが公約に掲げ、署名した)

Premium ;保険会社に定期的に支払うお金(毎月払う保険料のようなもの)

coverage ;保険の適用額

QUESTION: Affordable Care Act, known as Obamacare, it is not affordable. Premiums have gone up. Deductibles have gone up. Copays have gone up. Prescriptions have gone up. And the coverage has gone down.
What will you do to bring the cost down and make coverage better?

; 廃止にする

be tailored ;
/ˈteɪ.lɚd/ (adj) 状況をよくするように変える

TRUMP: We have to repeal it and replace it with something absolutely much less expensive and something that works, where your plan can actually be tailored. 
a Supreme Court justice; 最高裁判所の判事(合衆国)

QUESTION: Good evening. Perhaps the most important aspect of this election is the Supreme Court justice. What would you prioritize as the most important aspect of selecting a Supreme Court justice?

Owen Wilson On New Movie ‘Wonder’: ‘Hopefully You’ll Be Inspired’ | TODAY

intimidate; (v) to make fearful; 脅す
intimidation が名詞。ここでは、「(才能により)おじけずく」というように、圧倒される意味で使われています。画像検索でわかるように、強い攻撃を表す場合もあります。

Is there an intimidation factor working with her? 
- There is. Maybe it's intimidation or just nervous to meet her...
(Julia Robertsとの共演で、彼女の才能におじけずく)

Young Sheldon (CBS) "Boy Genius" Promo HD - The Big Bang Theory Prequel Spinoff

clique; a narrow exclusive group; 仲間グループ

Every high school has cliques, jocks, and popular girls. 

credential; evidence of authority; (仕事に必要な)経歴

Five minutes into my math class, he questioned my credentials. 
He said I was intimidated by his intelligence.

実際のドラマでは、He said I was intimidated by his intelligence, and then, he offered to be my "leader". と実は続きます。(Young Sheldon E01(12;38))


Aired October 20, 2016
最高裁判所の判事について話しています(Supreme court justice)

conservative ;保守的な、政治的伝統を重んじる
bent ; (n) 気質 
; 修正 

DONALD TRUMP;They will have a conservative bent. They will be protecting the Second Amendment. 

; (v)栄える

CLINTON: When the middle class thrives, America thrives. And so, my plan is based on growing the economy, giving middle-class families many more opportunities.

regime ; 政権
President Obama's regime でオバマ政権になります。 

TRUMP: During President Obama`s regime, we`ve doubled our national debt.

be sucked out
suck 吸引する→取り除くとなります。

Our jobs are being taken out by the deal that her husband signed, NAFTA, one of the worst deals ever. Our jobs are being sucked out of our economy.

terminate; 終わらす


I am going to renegotiate NAFTA. And if I can`t make a great deal -- then we`re going to terminate NAFTA and we`re going to create new deals. 

amnesty ; 一般的な感謝、恩赦

She wants to give amnesty, which is a disaster and very unfair to all of the people that are waiting on line for many, many years. We need strong borders.

deploy ; (v)広げていく、やっていく、展開する 

CLINTON: There are some limited places where that was appropriate. There also is necessarily going to be new technology and how best to deploy that.

But it is clear, when you look at what Donald has been proposing, he started his campaign bashing immigrants, calling Mexican immigrants rapists and criminals and drug dealers, that he has a very different view about what we should do to deal with immigrants.

Micah Tyler - Different (Official Music Video)

colon cancer; 結腸がん
がんは一般的にStage 0(または1)から、Stage4まであります。Stage4では、末期がんと言ってもいいでしょう。

And then just a few weeks ago we found out that my little brother Daniel has stage 4 colon cancer.

chemo; 化学療法

After the shock and the tears, my family is preparing to fight by his side as he gets ready to start chemo.

Hurricane Matthew Nears the U.S. Southeast; China Poses a Potential Challenge for the Next U.S. President; Colorado Facility Converts Food Waste Into Energy

140 miles per hour ;約225km/h 

catastrophic ; (adj) 壊滅的な、悲惨な 

Matthew`s sustained wind speeds were 140 miles per hour last night, the system capable of catastrophic damage. 

come ashore ; やってくる、上陸する
「台風が上陸する」 と言いたいときは、Typhoon expected to come ashore this morning. などと”come ashore" を使いましょう。

Matthew was headed toward Florida and expected to come ashore early Friday morning. But forecasters couldn`t say for sure.

5' 7'' ; 5 feet 7 inches ; 170cm
5'9'' が約175cmです。自分の身長だけでもフィートで言えるようにしておきましょう。こちらが換算表です。 

 Look at this, I`m 5`7", OK? I don`t even, I`m not even as tall as the category two surge estimate. This could be 11 to 15 feet of the surge, and you can see that these buildings aren`t build that much higher than this post.

はじめは、World War Ⅱの際に使われていた、アルファベット表記Aは Able, BはBaker, CはCharlie,DはDog, EはEasy.. といったような名前が使われていました。これをエイブルベイカーといいます。現在は、航空会社と旅行代理店での電話のやり取りでつかわれています。名前が間違えないようにということです。ABCさんの場合は、”Able Baker Charlie”といったような感じで伝えられます。ただ、問題もありました。A-Zまでなので、毎年同じような名前になってしまうのです。

And they actually started by using the World War II alphabet, Able, Baker, Charlie, Dog, Easy. But this created confusion as well, because every year, the storm names were the same. 


It wasn`t until 1979 that we started alternating male and female names. We recycle that list every six years. In the Atlantic Basin, we use English, Spanish and French names. 


A storm name will be retired if it is too costly or deadly and it would be inappropriate to use it in future years. In fact, since 1950, there had been nearly 80 storm names retired. 


And what happens if we go through all of the storm names? Well, it happened in 2005. We ended up going to the Greek alphabet.

anaerobic digestion;【直訳】酸素を使用せずに処理する処理法

REPORTER: The process Heartland uses is called anaerobic digestion, and as the name implies, it works just like our human digestive systems, by breaking down food into energy, in this case, electricity.

methane ; (/meθein/) メタン

liquid soil ; 液状の土、ドロ
amedment ;(/amendment./) (n) 修正、小さな変更・向上
solid soil ; 固形の土、 固まった土
peat moss ; ミズゴケ・コケの一種 
moss はコケを表します。「モスバーガーはコケバーガーだ!」で覚えましょう。モスバーガーの色も緑ですし。ちなみにモスバーガーは実際MOSだそうで、全く違う意味です。Mountain Ocean Sunだそう。

Remember the smell from before? It`s methane and it`s a great source of renewable energy.

YOST: We create three things: gas, liquid soil amendment, and solid soil amendment of peat moss like material. 

Justin Hartley Got Busted for Pretending to Be Ryan Reynolds for a Fan

Thanksgiving; アメリカ・カナダの祝日、11月の第4木曜日(アメリカ)

If you have a family, you have Thanksgiving, but...

gnarly; bad, difficult, cool, good

It gets pretty gnarly, yeah.


cemetery; 墓地

It looks really trendy and I know it's in a cemetery, but it's nice. 

'The Tyler Oakley Show,’ Disney 'Frozen’ Edition with Idina Menzel & Kristen Bell

nices and nephews; 姪と甥(兄弟姉妹の息子)

are obsessed with; 〜で頭がいっぱいである

But my nieces and nephews are obsessed with you for Frozen.

A; I'm obsessed with the drama.
B; Ditto.
Dittoとは、Me too.と同様の意味で、「同じく」という意味になります。

ship ; (スラング)お似合いのカップル

I ship it.  

swear; 汚い言葉をつかう

you can swear here.

confirm ; (v) 確認する

can you confirm that?

giggling; クスクスわらう

I like this one you're giggling. 

最近ニュースになっているのが、ネットの中立性Net Neutrality)に関してだ。アメリカでは2015年にオバマ政権のもと、明文化された。だが、今は撤廃する動きになっている。通信会社としては今よりも儲けることができるが、ネット会社にとってみれば、さらなる出費となり、格差が生じてしまう。また、IoTの普及にも影響がでてしまう。通信会社の暴走を起こさないような法整備を行うなど、十分な討論が必要だ。

What Is Net Neutrality? | Velshi & Ruhle | MSNBC

akin to; similar to

So under the Obama administration in 2015, the way that they got to those net neutrality rules was by treating broadband providers akin to utilities, like old-school telephone companies that are heavily regulated. 

the Commission on Presidential Debatesと言います。


recap ;
(v) 再度メインポイントを振り返る、繰り返す

ANCHOR: Recapping last night`s U.S. presidential debate. This is CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

There are other candidates. Why just those two on the debate stage? Because you take part in the U.S. presidential debate, the Commission on Presidential Debates requires candidates to have the support of at least 15 percent of voters in national polls. Only Mrs. Clinton and Mr. Trump had that. 

neck and neck
; まけず劣らず、競い合っているイメージ

And in those polls, they are neck and neck. In CNN`s average of five of the most of the recent national polls, Clinton had the support of 44 percent of likely voters. Trump had the support of 42 percent.

moderator ;(n)討論会における司会者

Donald Trump stood to the left of the moderator, Hillary Clinton to the right. That was decided by a coin toss. Hillary Clinton was to receive the first question of the debate, also decided by a coin toss.
prosperity ; 繁栄

The first was on achieving prosperity. It was the chance for the candidates to discuss the status of the U.S. economy and their plans for where to take it.
robust ; (roʊbˈʌst)(adj) 強い
recession ;(n)不景気 

So we have a very robust set of plans. And people have looked at both of our plans, have concluded that mine would create 10 million jobs and yours would lose us 3.5 million jobs, and explode the debt which would have a recession.

vigilant; (adj)慎重に、警戒する

TRUMP: And we have to be very strong. And we have to be very vigilant.

be decimated
; (v)衰退させられる

We have to be -- we have to know what we`re doing. Right now, our police, in many cases, are afraid to do anything. We have to protect our inner cities, because African-American communities are being decimated by crime, decimated.

; ally (n) 同盟国
dismissive ;  (adj) 拒否するような

So we`ve got to do everything we can to vacuum up intelligence from Europe, from the Middle East. That means we`ve got to work more closely with our allies, and that`s something that Donald has been very dismissive of.

;(n ) 制裁
choking on ; 窒息しそう、のどに 

But you look at the Middle East, you started the Iran deal, that`s another beauty where you have a country that was ready to fall, I mean, they were doing so badly. They were choking on the sanctions.